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Beech Wood Common Name : Beech

Botanical Name Fagus Grandifolia

Family : Heartwood Trees

Strength : High crush

Weight : 46 lbs per cu.ft.

Density : 0.73g/cm3

Stiffness : Medium

Bending Characteristic : Excellent

Grain : Straight

Tree Height : 30 -35 meters

Maximum Tree age : 300 years

Structure : Fine pored

Surface Finishing : Straightforward

Durability : Low




Beech wood is primarily reddish-brown in color and slightly coarse with conspicuous rays and tiny pores. The grain is straight with a fine, even texture.

The beech is most widespread in Central and Western Europe, although it can be found as shrub or tree between the 40th and 60th degrees of latitude. Of all deciduous trees in Germany, the beech is most widespread and its timber most useful. Beech can found in mixed woodlands as well as in beech woods particularly in lowlands but also in low mountainous regions.

Working Properties

Works easily with hand and power tools. Good nailing and gluing properties. Stains and polishes to a good finish.


Dries rapidly with strong tendency to warp, split and surface check. Subject to a large amount of shrinkage, checking and discolouration during drying. Moderate movement.


Beech is available as round or sawn timber as well as veneer.


Cabinetmaking, furniture, solid and laminated flooring, brush backs, veneers, wooden spoons, handrail parts. Plywood, Bent-ply, formed multiplex, Furniture, chairs and tables, Interior furnishing, stairs, parquet flooring, Tools, household equipment, Model building, Pianos, Toys